Nutrition and Diet Therapy, 6 Edition
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
An AJN Book of the Year Award Winner!
Meet the ever-changing demands of providing quality nutritional care for patients across the lifespan. This popular text provides a strong foundation in the science of nutrition and a clear understanding of how to apply that knowledge in practice, recognizing the need for nurses to work with other healthcare professionals to ensure optimal nutrition in patient care.
Thoroughly updated and revised, it combines nursing care with the nutritional information pertinent to today’s classroom and clinical practice settings.
milliliters of serum. Another reason for the movement of calcium in and out of the bones is to renew the bone tissue. Bone remodeling is the process through which bone is renewed to maintain bone strength and mineral homeostasis. The remodeling process resorbs old bone and forms new bone to prevent accumulation of bone microdamage (Clarke, 2008). In this process, bone cells called osteoclasts produce enzymes to destroy the protein matrix that holds the calcium phosphate in place. Other bone
consistent manner: a maximum of two in the orbit or shell closest to the nucleus, and a maximum of eight in each of the outer shells. The ability of an atom to react chemically depends on the number of “empty slots” in the outermost electron shell. Chemical Bonding A compound is a substance created by the chemical bonding (joining) of two or more kinds of atoms (elements). A chemical bond is the force that binds atoms together. A compound is formed when atoms share electrons or when one atom
high in transfatty acids include the following: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Commercially baked goods Fried foods in restaurants Hard margarines and shortenings Crackers Biscuit and some cake mixes Some candy Animal crackers and cookies Frozen waffles and pancakes Microwave popcorn Vehicle for Fat-Soluble Vitamins In foods, fats act as a vehicle for vitamins A, D, E, and K. In the body, fats assist in the absorption of these fatsoluble vitamins. Satiety Value The food industry has reformulated many of
FOOD PORTION CONTAINING IT* FUNCTIONS DEFICIENCY DISEASE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY Bleeding mucous membranes Poor wound healing or reopening of scars Softened ends of long bones Teeth loosen, may fall out Death probably due to internal bleeding Anorexia, Weight loss Muscle weakness and wasting Peripheral neuropathy Right heart failure Wernicke’s encephalopathy C Ascorbic Acid 75–90 mg 0.8–0.9 cup of orange juice, prepared from frozen concentrate Formation of collagen Antioxidant
deficiency disease. Dry beriberi is seen mostly in adults with chronic low 117 thiamin intake especially if coupled with high carbohydrate intake. It is characterized by muscle weakness and wasting, particularly in the lower extremities and symmetrical sensory and motor conduction problems affecting the distal limbs. Progression to wet beriberi involves the cardiovascular system, culminating in right-sided heart failure (Gropper and Smith, 2013). Cardiac beriberi has occured in healthy young