English for Writing Research Papers

English for Writing Research Papers

Adrian Wallwork

Language: English

Pages: 325

ISBN: 1441979212

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Publishing your research in an international journal is key to your success in academia. This guide is based on a study of referees' reports and letters from journal editors on reasons why papers written by non-native researchers are rejected due to problems with English usage. It draws on English-related errors from around 5000 papers written by non-native authors, 500 abstracts by PhD students, and over 1000 hours of teaching researchers how to write and present research papers.

With easy-to-follow rules and tips, and with examples taken from published and unpublished papers, you will learn how to:
  • prepare and structure a manuscript
  • increase readability and reduce the number of mistakes you make in English by writing concisely, with no redundancy and no ambiguity
  • plan and organize your paper, and structure each paragraph and each sentence so that the reader can easily follow the logical build-up towards various conclusions
  • write a title and an abstract that will attract attention and be read
  • decide what to include in the various parts of the paper (Introduction, Methodology, Discussion etc)
  • select from over 700 useful phrases
  • highlight your claims and contribution
  • avoid plagiarism and make it 100% clear whether you are referring to your own work or someone else's
  • choose the correct tenses and style (active or passive)

The book also includes around 700 useful phrases for use in any kind for research paper.


















discernible method at all. Most of the better writers, however, appear to be in remarkably close agreement as to the general approach to organization. This approach consists of stating the problem, describing the method of attack, developing the results, discussing the results, and summarizing the conclusions. You may feel that this type of organization is obvious, logical, and natural. Nevertheless, it is not universally accepted. For example, many writers present results and conclusions near

researcher. If S5 or S6 appeared at the beginning of a new section in a paper, the reader might be confused and would be forced to look back to earlier sections to see if he / she could find a previous reference to the researcher/s. So always remember that if you use the with a countable noun it implies that you have already mentioned this noun before. The a versus one rule can also be problematic. S7. We made one experiment before the equipment exploded. S8. We made an experiment before

particular journal or from receiving funds from a particular granting agency, or even a lawsuit and criminal prosecution. Dr. Ronald K. Gratz, Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences, Michigan Technological University (USA), author of “Using Another’s Words and Ideas” In my work as a supervisor I occasionally come across cases of plagiarism. When I confront my students with this issue, most have absolutely no awareness that they have committed plagiarism, so I work with them

to explain what is acceptable and what is not, and get them to make revisions. James Hitchmough, Professor of Horticultural Ecology, University of Sheffield (UK) 10.2 You can copy generic phrases 10.1 153 Plagiarism is not difficult to spot Plagiarism is very easy to identify, particularly in papers written by non-native speakers. I revise a lot of research papers from my PhD students. Sometimes I read a paragraph that contains a considerable number of mistakes in the English (grammar,

snakes’ tidal volume increased but their respiratory frequency was lowered. As a result, their total ventilation was unchanged. 10.6 Paraphrasing the work of a third author Another case is where you want say the same thing as another author (Wood, in S1), regarding a finding that does not belong to Wood but to a third author’s work (Hinds, in S1) which Wood refers to. In this case Wood is discussing the literature, rather than his own personal ideas. S1. More generally Hinds has put

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