Berkshire Encyclopedia of China (5-volume set, 2,800 pages)

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China (5-volume set, 2,800 pages)

Language: English

Pages: 2800

ISBN: 0977015947

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In five large-format volumes and nearly 1,000 expert-written articles, the Berkshire Encyclopedia of China provides unrivaled insight into Chinese history and culture today in nearly a thousand fascinating articles that include everything from Adoption and Banking to Wound Literature and Zhou Dynasty. China is changing our world, and Berkshire Publishing, known for its award-winning encyclopedias on a wide array of global issues including the award-winning six-volume Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, is proud to publish the first major resource designed for students, teachers, businesspeople, government officials, and tourists seeking a greater understanding of China today. The Berkshire Encyclopedia of China offers authoritative articles from well-known scholars in China as well as in the West, and it has been compiled with strict rules about balance and objectivity by a publisher committed to providing truly global perspectives that will empower 21st-century students, global citizens, and leaders in business and government. The Berkshire Encyclopedia of China does much more than cover the history of China. It is specifically intended to help students and professionals who need to improve their knowledge of the arts, belief systems, business, communications, demographics, education, law and politics, minority groups, natural resources, regional and international relations, social welfare, and technology. Within these categories, there are broad thematic essays, which serve as anchors or touchstones for the work as a whole, as well as short entries about the people, events, concepts, and material goods that are essential to understanding China. There are articles on important organizations and companies, as well as on sports, festivals, and other aspects of popular culture. And the encyclopedia brings up right up to the present, with information on blogging and Internet use, human rights, and overseas returnees (the sea turtles). It even looks to the future with articles on renewable energy and the 2010 World s Fair in Shanghai. The encyclopedia is also completely interdisciplinary in its coverage and organization. Contributing authors includes political scientists, sociologists, economists, anthropologists, geographers, historians, scientists, artists, educators, and other experts. Thanks to cooperation with many Chinese scholars based in China, the encyclopedia is the first major work also to cover China from the Chinese point of view. Succinct, accessibly written, and illustrated articles (500-3,000 words), each beginning with a short summary or abstract. Each article arranged so it can be copied or printed for individual use (up to 10 copies for a single classroom use at no charge for further copies, please make payments via Copyright Clearance Center). Page margins that make it easy to copy articles for classroom use on both US letter-size and international A4 paper. Article titles in English, Chinese characters, and a Pinyin transliteration with tone marks, and Chinese characters and transliterations in articles Up-to-date information that students and non-specialists can understand. Intelligent, insightful discussion of controversial issues. Articles about China in the world today, with a focus on its cultural, political, and economic relationships, military expansion, human and religious rights News-related coverage: social and environmental issues Food Safety, new communications and media Internet Use, Blogging, and topics relevant to the global economic crisis-Stock Markets, Beijing Consensus and Currency Valuation. Over 1,200 unique photographs Maps, timelines, primary source sidebars, and dozens of traditional proverbs. Ideal for writing papers. Ideal for general education about China. Useful for readers learning Chinese.













with that of the group has always been the norm; the Chinese do not value rugged individualism. China’s new bankers took full advantage of this tradition and promoted the notion that an individual worker’s interest should be identified with the bank’s interest. It was in the employees’ own best interest to work hard for the bank, the bankers pointed out, because the workers would benefit only if the bank could survive and prosper. The Shanghai Bank asked its staff to bear in mind that “the bank

self-government in accordance with the plans of Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925) for a democratic China. Like statecraft thinkers before them, members of the Nationalist Party saw the baojia as a fairly inexpensive solution to fundamental problems of local governance. In the end, however, the reintroduction of the baojia failed to either suppress the Chinese Communist Party or foster local democratic government. The baojia was finally abolished in 1951 as the new Communist government in Beijing banned its

work performed. However, peasant households continued to receive small plots of land for private use. Mao’s about-face decision to accelerate the transition to full collectivization in the summer of 1955 arose out of contradictory goals: he wanted China to achieve rapid industrialization and yet to continue small-scale farming. 全 书 Berkshire Encyclopedia of China Given the rising demand of grain for the development of industry and urban consumption and the slowerthan-expected rate of grain

reparations to those foreign countries, a rising nationalist movement led by Sun Yatsen, and subsequent military action to suppress the feudal actions of warlords in northern China. Occupation by Japan followed, and, before the twentieth century was half over, a civil war ensued as well. Cultural upheaval was capped by the Cultural Revolution, during which destruction of pre-Mao artifacts was accepted as patriotic. Bronze vessel from the from the Spring and Autumn period (770–476 bce), in the

associations were set up to represent the five officially recognized religions: Buddhism, Daoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism (the latter two being regarded as separate religions rather than as different branches of the same religion). The Bureau of Religious Affairs, founded in 1954, served as a link between the state and the patriotic religious associations but was also meant to guide and control the latter. In spite of the constitutional guarantees, all religious organizations were

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