TIME Thomas Jefferson: America's Enduring Revolutionary
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Thomas Jefferson remains a potent influence in America more than 200 years after his birth. TIME examines his lasting and sometimes controversial legacy as revolutionary, president and diplomat through his political beliefs and battles, his extraordinary achievements, including the westward expansion of the young United States; as well as his letters and writings, from the Declaration of Independence to his own, personally edited version of the New Testament. TIME also explores Jefferson’s enduring influence on our culture, as the founding father of American architecture, our higher education system and the slow food movement--and even planting the seeds for America’s modern, flourishing wine industry.
enslaved. The Barbary raiders—so called because they were partly of Berber origin—struck as far north as England and Ireland. It appears, for example, that almost every inhabitant of the Irish village of Baltimore was carried off in 1631. Samuel Pepys and Daniel Defoe both mention the frightening trade in their writings; at that time, pamphlets and speeches by survivors and escaped slaves had a huge influence on the popular imagination. James Thomson’s famously rousing 1740 song “Rule Britannia,”
Jefferson understood the importance of design. For him, buildings were more than just simple or elaborate shelters. Architecture embodied the same yearnings found in his Declaration of Independence and served as educational monuments that bestowed the lessons of democracy and reason. Jefferson loved buildings and had an enormous influence on the nation’s physical construction both during its formative period and beyond. This gentleman-architect accomplished this by helping to free America from
were poured after dinner as a social lubricant to assist political discussion. By Jefferson’s admission, the nightly practice was “turning the White House into a general tavern.” Jefferson left the presidency and its $25,000 salary in 1809 and, already in debt, had to try to embrace frugality. Reds from southeast France replaced top-growth Bordeaux, and inexpensive Clairette de Limoux replaced Meursault. He turned to aiding American wine culture, pushing to ease import tariffs that—since they
coming to Fredsbg with me ... but Jupiter was so much disturbed at this that I yielded. At the end of the second day’s journey I saw how much he was worsted, & pressed him to wait at Hyde’s a very excellent house till the horses should return & I got a promise of a servant from thence. But he would not hear of it. At Fredericksburg again I engaged the tavernkeeper to take care of him till he should be quite well enough to proceed. And it seems that immediately on his arrival at home, he took
Resource, N.Y.; Library of Congress; Howard Chandler Christy, 1940/GraphicaArtis/Getty Images; The Art Archive at Art Resource, N.Y.; Leemage/Corbis; Everett Collection/Alamy; DeAgostini/Getty Images; Corbis; DeAgostini/Getty Images; no credit 14 �Thomas Jefferson Foundation at Monticello; John Trumbull/Photo by GraphicaArtis/Getty Images; Fotosearch/Getty Image; John Vanderlyn, 1802/FineArt/Alamy; Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States; Library of Congress; no credit;