Henry IV (The English Monarchs Series)
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Henry faced the usual problems of usurpers: foreign wars, rebellions, and plots, as well as the ambitions and demands of the Lancastrian retainers who had helped him win the throne. By 1406 his rule was broadly established, and although he became ill shortly after this and never fully recovered, he retained ultimate power until his death. Using a wide variety of previously untapped archival materials, Chris Given-Wilson reveals a cultured, extravagant, and skeptical monarch who crushed opposition ruthlessly but never quite succeeded in satisfying the expectations of his own supporters.
Suffolk and Ormond, and the king's brother-in-law, Sir John Cornwall. 59 Lehoux, Jean de France, iii.270, 281–2; Monstrelet, ii.270–88; Saint-Denys, iv.685–713 (‘Judas’ at p. 685); Famiglietti, Royal Intrigue, 105–10. 60 English Chronicle, ed. Marx, 40. 61 Monstrelet, ii.291–2. 62 RHL II, 322. The letters were from Berry, Orléans, Bourbon and Albret. Also enclosed was a letter to the same effect from Burgundy, although he had sworn that he had no alliances with the English that required
kings that began the unmerciful burning of Christ's saints for standing against the pope’, as a result of which his reign was ‘full of trouble, of blood and misery’.7 The heretic-burning Thomas Arundel naturally also excited the wrath of Foxe and other reformers, inducing Archbishop Cranmer who ordered the destruction of his predecessor's chantry chapel in Canterbury cathedral. Not until the nineteenth century did Arundel's reputation begin to recover (as witness the sympathetic Lambeth Palace
1399–1413’, EHR 119 (2004), 407–23 Biggs, D., ‘An Ill and Infirm King: Henry IV, Health, and the Gloucester Parliament of 1407’, in The Reign of Henry IV: Rebellion and Survival, eds G. Dodd and D. Biggs (York, 2008), 180–209 Binski, P., Westminster Abbey and the Plantagenets (New Haven, 1995) Binski, P. and Panayotova, S., eds, The Cambridge Illuminations (London, 2005) Blacker, B., ‘A Lancastrian Prince in Ireland’, History Ireland (1998), 22–6 Blair, C. and Delamer, I., ‘The Dublin Civic
indicates an interest in polyphony as well as minstrelsy.9 Yet it was as commissioners of high-quality illuminated prayer-books that successive generations of Mary's family are best known.10 About a dozen manuscripts – psalters, books of hours and bible leaves – surviving from the second half of the fourteenth century are associated with the Bohuns, usually on the basis of heraldic evidence, although they also conform to a distinctive style of illumination, characterized by their depiction of
‘Remarks on the Manner of the Death of King Richard II’, Archaeologia (1840), 75–95. The simplest way to kill him would probably have been poison, but this is not mentioned by any writer. The story told in the Traïson et Mort that Richard was hacked to death at Gravesend castle by eight henchmen of Henry's led by Sir Peter Exton is clearly false (CR, 233–4). 28 SAC II, 298–9. Richard had built a tomb for himself next to Anne of Bohemia in Westminster abbey; when Henry V came to the throne in