Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts (Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace)

Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts (Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace)

R. K. Pachauri, Hans Günter Brauch, Úrsula Oswald Spring, Czeslaw Mesjasz, John Grin, Patricia Kameri-Mbote, Béchir Chourou, Nav

Language: English

Pages: 1530

ISBN: 2:00098983

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This policy-focused, global and multidisciplinary security handbook on Facing Global Environmental Change addresses new security threats of the 21st century posed by climate change, desertification, water stress, population growth and urbanization. These security dangers and concerns lead to migration, crises and conflicts. They are on the agenda of the UN, OECD, OSCE, NATO and EU. In 100 chapters, 132 authors from 49 countries analyze the global debate on environmental, human and gender, energy, food, livelihood, health and water security concepts and policy problems. In 10 parts they discuss the context and the securitization of global environmental change and of extreme natural and societal outcomes. They suggest a new research programme to move from knowledge to action, from reactive to proactive policies and to explore the opportunities of environ-mental cooperation for a new peace policy.














central Eurasia and triggered a complicated domino-like movement of various peoples, among them the socalled Sea Peoples. Some of these populations may have originated in the Balkan peninsula or Anatolia, and from around the Aegean Sea; others probably from different Mediterranean lands and islands. They appeared to have moved by land and by sea into the Fertile Crescent in reaction to the disintegration of the Mycenaean civilization, the destruction of the Hittite empire, and the Canaanite

process by itself. However, there is a strong correlation between food insecurity, poverty, population dynamic, and land degradation. The phenomenon of land degradation, desertification and drought has major bearing on the potential of the arable lands to produce adequate food for human consumption. Depending on the source or the method of calculation, it is estimated that between 40 million and 115 million people are directly affected by food insecurity. Under nourishment, however, is a much

national and local food security policies. Food and agriculture are issues of livelihood and basic needs, not mere matters of trade. Across the world, people are calling for removing agriculture from the WTO. Similarly, WTO is the wrong place to create rules for intellectual property. TRIPS must also be removed from WTO. This is the suggestion from experts and the call of the movements like the ‘Indian People’s campaign against WTO’ convened by Mr. S.P. Shukla, who was Ambassador to GATT during

the options necessary to end, mitigate, or adapt to threats to their human, environmental, and social rights; actively participate in attaining these options; and have the capacity and freedom to exercise these options” (GECHS 1999: 29). Barnett, Matthew, and O’Brien (2008: 360) noted that “there has been little emphasis on the broader implications of global environmental change for human security, including how increased human security can potentially mitigate environmental change,” and they

Brauch (2003: 132 – 133) where the figure on the conceptual linkages between globalization, GEC and human security is reproduced. 77 whose basic architecture consists of: (i) linkages to the broader human and biophysical (environmental) conditions and processes operating on the coupled system in question; (ii) perturbations and stressors/stress that emerge from these conditions and processes; (iii) the coupled human-environment system of concern in which vulnerability resides, including exposure

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