A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1
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A History of Chinese Science and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & 3) presents 44 individual lectures, beginning with Ancient Chinese Science and Technology in the Process of Human Civilizations and an Overview of Chinese Science and Technology, and continuing with in-depth discussions of several issues in the History of Science and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with topics on Astronomy, Arithmetic, Agriculture and Medicine, The Four Great Inventions, and various technological areas closely related to clothing, food, shelter and transportation.
This book is the most authoritative work on the history of Chinese Science and Technology. It is the Winner of the China Book Award, the Shanghai Book Award (1st prize), and the Classical China International Publishing Project (GAPP, General Administration of Press and Publication of China) and offers an essential resource for academic researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a series of 44 lectures presented to top Chinese leaders, which received very positive feedback. Written by top Chinese scholars in their respective fields from the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences and many other respected Chinese organizations, the book is intended for scientists, researchers and postgraduate students working in the history of science, philosophy of science and technology, and related disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), and Vice Chairman of the National Congress of China.
wear fur coats. They are skillful at chasing and hunting, and killing animals is their daily routine. We cannot educate them by morality, and we cannot subjugate them with arms. We the Han people do not fight them directly, because of three considerations: First, the Han soldiers fight and farm at the same time, so they get tired and cowardly; the northerners raise animals and hunt beasts, so they get relaxed and bold. Tiredness versus relaxation, cowardliness faces boldness, so the two sides are
astronomy and books of prophecies, supreme unit, Leigong Shi, weekly calendar, diagrams of eclipse prediction, Calendar of Minority Director. Anyone who collects or studies these things in privacy will be considered a criminal and punished. (Chap. 10, Biography of Shizu, Volume 13, History of Yuan). In the sixth Year of Hongwu Emperor Taizu decreed: (Directorate of Astronomy) Personnel in the directorate are not allowed to migrate. Their descendents shall Astronomy 51 learn astronomy and
the King should be on the alert. On this unlucky day, he should not go out of the palace. If Mars is at a constellation to the left of Venus, the Akkadian will be ravaged. In about seventh century BC, the two-river drainage area began to be ruled by the Chaldeans. Scholars think that the horoscope astrology started developing right in the hand of the Chaldeans. It was introduced to Greece and got further developed by scholars in Alexandria city. Since then, this kind of astrology, which predicts
mathematical astronomy are dealt with by using zigzag functions. Among the many mathematical properties of zigzag functions, periodicity is the most important. The zigzag function illustrates the change of the solar motion speed with time. For a long period of time, the Study of Heaven in ancient China thought that the solar motion is of a uniform speed. It was not until the end of the fifth century that Chinese scholars began to recognize the heterogeneity in the motion. In the Imperial Ultimate
and in library classification, it belonged to different categories in different times: The Book of Former Han—Treatise on Arts and Letters—lists it in the category of numerology, the sort of forms. The Book of Sui—Treatise on Classic Books and the Old Book of Tang—Treatise on Classic Books collect it in the category of geography, the volume of history. The History of Song—Treatise on Arts and Letters lists it in the category of Wu Xing, the volume of philosophy. The Annotated Catalog of Complete